Obesity

A decrease in calorific intake and increase in exercise is the healthy way towards weight loss. High-protein, low-fat foods produce optimal weight loss as protein and fibre stimulate metabolism and increase satiety. Eliminating table scraps and treats is imperative. Feeding low-calorie treat / green beans and other vegetables is a good alternative to regular treats. Use slow feeders to feed them to lengthen meal times and reduce portions. Replace kibble with fresh food as kibble contains a large amount of carbs.

Symptoms:

  • Using body weight as a guide, dogs are considered to be overweight when they weigh 10-20% above their ideal body weight.They are considered obese when they weigh 20% or more above their ideal body weight.
  • No or little visible waistline
  • No palpable ribcage
  • Distended abdomen
  • Lack of mobility
  • Lethargy
  • Difficulty breathing

    Common Causes: 

    -Overfeeding
    -Lack of exercise
    -Physiology
    -Age
    -Surgery
    -Neutering / spaying
    -Medication
    -Phenobarbital (anticonvulsant) can decrease satiety leading to overeating Glucocorticoids can lead to abnormal fat deposition and weight gain.
    -Hypothyroidism
    -Insulinoma
    -Hyperadrenocorticism
    -Genetics - some breeds are just more prone to putting on weight than others

    Remedies:

    A decrease in calorific intake and increase in exercise is the healthy way towards weight loss. High-protein, low-fat foods produce optimal weight loss as protein and fibre stimulate metabolism and increase satiety. Eliminating table scraps and treats is imperative. Feeding low-calorie treat / green beans and other vegetables is a good alternative to regular treats. Use slow feeders to feed them to lengthen meal times and reduce portions. Replace kibble with fresh food as kibble contains a large amount of carbs.

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